Arsenicosis and fluorosis, two endemic diseases known to result from exposure to their elevated concentrations in groundwater of north China used by many rural households for drinking, have been major public health concerns for several decades. Over the last decade, a large number of investigations have been carried out to delineate the spatial distribution and to characterize the chemical compositions of high As and F groundwaters with a focus on several inland basins in north China. Findings from these studies, including improved understanding of the hydrogeological and geochemical factors resulting in their enrichments, have been applied to guide development of clean and safe groundwater in these endemic disease areas. Survey efforts have led to the recognition of iodine in groundwater as an emerging public health concern. This paper reviews the new understandings gained through these studies, including those published in this special issue, and points out the direction for future research that will shed light on safe guarding a long-term supply of low As and F groundwater in these water scarce semi-arid and arid inland basins of north China. © 2013 The Authors.
Navratilova, J., Raber, A. G., C, B. S. J. F., Yadav, R. S., Chandravanshi, L. P., Shukla, R. K., … Wang, C. (2013). Dynamic behaviors of water levels and arsenic concentration in shallow groundwater from the Hetao Basin, Inner Mongolia. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 135(6), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-54356-7