Drosophila melanogaster females show changes in behavior and physiology after mating that are thought to maximize the number of progeny resulting from the most recent copulation. Sperm and seminal fluid proteins induce post-mating changes in females, however, very little is known about the resulting gene expression changes in female head and central nervous system tissues that contribute to the post-mating response.
Dalton, J. E., Kacheria, T. S., Knott, S. R. V., Lebo, M. S., Nishitani, A., Sanders, L. E., … Arbeitman, M. N. (2010). Dynamic, mating-induced gene expression changes in female head and brain tissues of Drosophila melanogaster. BMC Genomics, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-11-541