Eighty-three isolates of the violet root rot fungus, Helicobasidium mompa, were collected in a tulip tree plantation and analyzed for the dynamics of double-stranded (ds) RNA for five years. They were divided into eight mycelial compatibility groups (MCGs). Prevalent MCGs 60 and 68 included 61 and 11 isolates, respectively. Electrophoretic profiles of dsRNA in the first year collection of MCG 60 contained no or a single large dsRNA (more than 10 kb) with or without small dsRNAs (ca. 2.0-2.5 kb). Additional dsRNA fragments, i.e., a middle dsRNA (ca. 8.0 kb) or another type of small dsRNAs, became evident within MCG 60 isolates with time. Northern hybridization revealed the relatedness of all large and middle dsRNA fragments within MCG 60 but small fragments of dsRNA were variable. Large dsRNA fragment differed from that in other MCGs even in the same field. Correlation between specific dsRNA fragments and hypovirulence was not observed. Possible explanations for the accumulation of dsRNA fragments during the growth of disease patch by MCG 60 are discussed in terms of their internal changes such as evolution of novel dsRNA fragments from pre-existing viruses or fungal genomic DNA and horizontal transmissions. © 2004 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Ikeda, K. I., Nakamura, H., Arakawa, M., Toshiyuki Koiwa, & Matsumoto, N. (2005). Dynamics of double-stranded RNA segments in a Helicobasidium mompa clone from a tulip tree plantation. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 51(2), 293–301. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.femsec.2004.09.011