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Background: The UN resolution recommends treating all mentally ill patients with humanity and respect. However, social stigma continues to prevail for patients with schizophrenia. Physical restraint and confinement of the mentally ill is a well-known phenomenon in Indonesia and is termed as pasung. Objective: To explore the perceptions of family members of patients of schizophrenia and other key stakeholders concerning pasung in Bogor Regency, West Java Province 2017. Methods: This qualitative exploratory study was conducted in Bogor Regency, West Java Province from May to June 2017. This study involved 12 key stakeholders including family members, neighbors, community leaders, and mental health officers. In-depth interviews were conducted with family members (n = 3) who practiced pasung for patients with schizophrenia and key informant interviews of neighbors, community leaders (two household heads and one from a health cadre) (n = 3) and mental health officers of puskesmas (three midwives). Data triangulation was performed by interviewing residents and mental health workers. Content analysis was conducted and themes were identified based on valid inference and interpretation. Results: Family members and society in general perceived that pasung is necessary for security reasons due to the patient's aggressive behavior such as physical violence to neighbors, stealing food etc. According to community leaders, families often do not respond to patient's request to be released from pasung. Family members had financial constraints to seek mental healthcare and were also dissatisfied with available services. Healthcare providers highlighted the poor knowledge and prevailing misconceptions about schizophrenia in the community. Conclusion: Concurrent efforts to strengthen basic mental health services and health education regarding schizophrenia, prevalent misconceptions, and importance of timely and appropriate treatment are needed, especially in rural settings.
Laila, N. H., Mahkota, R., Krianto, T., & Shivalli, S. (2018). Perceptions about pasung (physical restraint and confinement) of schizophrenia patients: A qualitative study among family members and other key stakeholders in Bogor Regency, West Java Province, Indonesia 2017. International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13033-018-0216-0