Biomass for Energy and the Impacts on Food Security

  • Nonhebel S
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In climate policies in the developed world the use of biomass as an energy source plays an important role. Indications exist that these policies are affecting global food security. In this chapter we compare the global demands ofor food, feed and energy in the near future. We distinguish between developing countries, transition countries and thye developed countries. The first group of countries needs extra feed,since the increased incomes among their population lead to increased demand for animal products. The developed countries require biomass to reduce the CO2 emissions of their energy use. On global scale the extra needs of biomass as fuel (1,100 MT) turn out to be larger than the needs for food and feed (900 MT each). This huge demand for biomass from the enrgy system is likely to result in large instabilities on the international markets.




Nonhebel, S. (2010). Biomass for Energy and the Impacts on Food Security (pp. 341–361).

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