Objective: Complex sleep behaviors (CSBs) are classified as "parasomnias" in the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Second Edition (ICSD-2). To realize the potential danger after taking two short-acting Z-hypnosedative drugs, we estimated the incidence of CSBs in nonpsychotic patients in Taiwan. Methods: Subjects (N = 1,220) using zolpidem or zopiclone were enrolled from the psychiatric outpatient clinics of a medical center in Taiwan over a 16-month period in 2006-2007. Subjects with zolpidem (N = 1,132) and subjects with zopiclone (N = 88) were analyzed. All subjects completed a questionnaire that included demographic data and complex sleep behaviors after taking hypnotics. Results: Among zolpidem and zopiclone users, 3.28% of patients reported incidents of somnambulism or amnesic sleep-related behavior problems. The incidence of CSBs with zolpidem and zopiclone were 3.27%, and 3.41%, respectively, which was significantly lower than other studies in Taiwan. Conclusion: These results serve as a reminder for clinicians to make inquiries regarding any unusual performance of parasomnic activities when prescribing zolpidem or zopiclone. © 2013 Chen et al.
Chen, L. F., Lin, C. E., Chou, Y. C., Mao, W. C., Chen, Y. C., & Tzeng, N. S. (2013). A comparison of complex sleep behaviors with two short-acting Z-hypnosedative drugs in nonpsychotic patients. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 9, 1159–1162. https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S48152