A method was developed and validated for the detection of colistin-resistant Escherichia coli containing mcr-1 in the feces of feral swine. Following optimization of an enrichment method using EC broth supplemented with colistin (1 μg/mL) and vancomycin (8 μg/mL), aliquots derived from 100 feral swine fecal samples were spiked with of one of five different mcr-1 positive E. coli strains (between 100 and 104 CFU/g), for a total of 1110 samples tested. Enrichments were then screened using a simple boil-prep and a previously developed real-time PCR assay for mcr-1 detection. The sensitivity of the method was determined in swine feces, with mcr-1 E. coli inocula of 0.1–9.99 CFU/g (n = 340), 10–49.99 CFU/g (n = 170), 50–99 CFU/g (n = 255), 100–149 CFU/g (n = 60), and 200–2200 CFU/g (n = 175), which were detected with 32%, 72%, 88%, 95%, and 98% accuracy, respectively. Uninoculated controls (n = 100) were negative for mcr-1 following enrichment.
Chandler, J. C., Franklin, A. B., Bevins, S. N., Bentler, K. T., Bonnedahl, J., Ahlstrom, C. A., … Shriner, S. A. (2020). Validation of a screening method for the detection of colistin-resistant E. coli containing mcr-1 in feral swine feces. Journal of Microbiological Methods, 172. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mimet.2020.105892