Hemorragia intracerebral lobular: Análisis de una serie y características en pacientes antiagregados y anticoagulados

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Abstract

Introduction: Lobar intracerebral haemorrhage (LIH), is a rare cause of stroke which accounts for about 20% of primary intracerebral haemorrhages. The most common causes are cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), high blood pressure and others, such as using anti-platelet or anticoagulation agents.We analysed a series of patients with LIH and compared it with subgroups of patients with LIH who were previously receiving anti-platelet or anticoagulation agents. We determined the volume of the bleeding and its predictive value for mortality. Patients and methods: We consecutively and retrospectively included 162 patients diagnosed with LIH and cared for in the Neurology Department of Hospital Meixoeiro in Vigo between 1991 and 2009. We collected demographic characteristics, risk factors, aetiologies and symptoms, and conducted a comparative analysis between the general series and the subgroups of patients receiving anticoagulation and anti-platelet agents. Results: In the general series, the most common cause was possible or probable CAA followed by hypertension. In the subgroup of patients receiving anti-platelet or anticoagulation agents there were no differences in the variables studied, except for the frequency of heart disease. Nonetheless, there were differences with respect to age, heart disease and bleeding volume between the general series (patients not treated with anti-platelet or anticoagulation agents) when compared with the subgroups of patients receiving anti-platelet and anticoagulation agents. Conclusions: We provide new information regarding the clinical behaviour of LIH and its differences in patients receiving anti-platelet or anticoagulation agents. Mortality is higher in cases of LIH on anticoagulants. LIH. Female sex and the volume of bleeding are predictors of mortality. © 2011 Sociedad Española de Neurología.

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APA

Maciñeiras Montero, J. L., Fontanillo Fontanillo, M., Escriche Jaime, D., Moreno Carretero, M. J., & Corredera García, E. (2012). Hemorragia intracerebral lobular: Análisis de una serie y características en pacientes antiagregados y anticoagulados. Neurologia, 27(7), 387–393. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nrl.2011.07.011

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