Nonasthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis is a condition characterized by the presence of eosinophilic airway inflammation in the absence of airflow obstruction or airway hyperresponsiveness. In asthma, the T H2-type cytokine IL-13 has been implicated in the development of airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness. Whether the expression of IL-13 is different between these 2 conditions is unknown. We sought to investigate whether IL-13 expression is increased in asthma compared with eosinophilic bronchitis. Sputum samples from subjects with mild asthma (n = 30) and eosinophilic bronchitis (n = 15) and normal controls (n = 16) were dialyzed, and IL-13 concentration was measured by ELISA. In a subgroup of these patients, IL-13 protein expression in bronchial biopsies was assessed by immunohistochemistry. The concentration of sputum IL-13 was higher in patients with mild asthma than in normal controls (P =. 03) and in patients with eosinophilic bronchitis (P =. 03). The median (interquartile range) number of IL-13 + cells/mm 2 submucosa was significantly higher in asthma 4 (8) than eosinophilic bronchitis 1.7 (1.9) and normal controls 0.5 (1.1; P =. 004). Eighty-three percent of the cells expressing IL-13 in the submucosa were eosinophils, and 8% were mast cells. The median (interquartile range) proportion of eosinophils that expressed IL-13 was higher in the subjects with asthma, 16 (10)%, than those with eosinophilic bronchitis, 7 (3)% (P =. 02). The increased expression of IL-13 in asthma compared with eosinophilic bronchitis supports the concept that IL-13 may play a critical role in the pathophysiology of asthma.
Berry, M. A., Parker, D., Neale, N., Woodman, L., Morgan, A., Monk, P., … Brightling, C. E. (2004). Sputum and bronchial submucosal IL-13 expression in asthma and eosinophilic bronchitis. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 114(5), 1106–1109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2004.08.032