Response behaviour of a hydrogen sensor based on ionic conducting polymer-metal interfaces prepared by the chemical reduction method

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Abstract

A solid-state amperometric hydrogen sensor based on a protonated Nafion membrane and catalytic active electrode operating at room temperature was fabricated and tested. Ionic conducting polymer-metal electrode interfaces were prepared chemically by using the impregnation-reduction method. The polymer membrane was impregnated with tetra-ammine platinum chloride hydrate and the metal ions were subsequently reduced by using either sodium tetrahydroborate or potassium tetrahydroborate. The hydrogen sensing characteristics with air as reference gas is reported. The sensors were capable of detecting hydrogen concentrations from 10 ppm to 10% in nitrogen. The response time was in the range of 10-30 s and a stable linear current output was observed. The thin Pt films were characterized by XRD, Infrared Spectroscopy, Optical Microscopy, Atomic Force Microscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy and EDAX. © 2006 by MDPI.

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Sakthivel, M., & Weppner, W. (2006). Response behaviour of a hydrogen sensor based on ionic conducting polymer-metal interfaces prepared by the chemical reduction method. In Sensors (Vol. 6, pp. 284–297). MDPI AG. https://doi.org/10.3390/s6040284

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