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The Multiple Determination of Well-Being: Independent Effects of Positive Traits, Needs, Goals, Selves, Social Supports, and Cultural Contexts

  • Sheldon K
  • Hoon T
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Abstract

This reprinted article originally appeared in Journal of Happiness Studies, 2007 (Dec), Vol 8 (4), 565-592. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2008-08055-009.) Although most researchers acknowledge that subjective wellbeing (SWB) is multiply determined, little research and theory simultaneously considers the effects of many types of determinants, located at many different levels of analysis. Guided by a six-level model of "optimal human being" (Sheldon, 2004, 'Optimal Human Being: An Integrated Multi-level Perspective' (Erlbaum, Mahwah, N.J.)), we tested the hypothesis that psychological need-satisfaction, a positive Big Five trait profile, good personal goal-progress, high self-esteem, positive social support, and a happiness-conducing cultural membership would each uniquely predict SWB. These hypotheses were confirmed, supporting the hierarchical perspective and irreducibility assumption that under-girded the research. Implications for SWB theory and interventions, and for the task of integrating the many different types of personality constructs that exist, are discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: chapter)

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Sheldon, K. M., & Hoon, T. H. (2013). The Multiple Determination of Well-Being: Independent Effects of Positive Traits, Needs, Goals, Selves, Social Supports, and Cultural Contexts (pp. 141–160). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-5702-8_8

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