Objectives: Compared to the use of anti-TB drugs for the treatment of tuberculosis (TB), surgery is destructive and is associated with higher risk. Whether surgery is needed for the treatment of TB-destroyed lungs (for short: destroyed lungs) is still controversial and unresolved in the clinic. Methods: Retrospective analysis of treatment efficacy was performed on 172 cases of destroyed lungs (176 surgeries) in the Thoracic Surgery Department of our hospital from April 1992 to June 2010. Results: A total of 83 male and 89 female patients was analyzed. The youngest patient was 7 years old, and the oldest was 72 years old, with a mean age of 38.4 years. A total of 120 cases had a preoperative cough, 31 cases had fever, and 42 cases had hemoptysis. A total of 49 cases was positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis by sputum test before surgery, yielding a positive TB rate of 28.5% (49/172). A total of 116 patients had a destroyed left lung and 56 cases had a destroyed right lung. In all, 110 cases underwent total pneumonectomy, 37 pleuropneumonectomy, one lobectomy, 10 residual lobectomy, two total pneumonectomy and tracheoplasty, 11 cases bronchopleural fistula (BPF) repair and other surgeries, and one case underwent thoracoplasty. A total of four patients underwent thoracoplasty 30 days after surgery due to a thoracic cavity infection or empyema. The overall perioperative mortality rate was 2.9% (5/172). The surgical complication rate was 18.6% (32/172). The sputum negative conversion rate was 87.8% (43/49), and the clinical cure rate was 91.9% (158/172). Conclusions: Our findings suggested that surgical treatment efficacy in destroyed lungs was satisfactory with strict surgical indications, standard preoperative anti-TB treatment, adequate preoperative preparation, and careful intraoperative operations. © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.
Bai, L., Hong, Z., Gong, C., Yan, D., & Liang, Z. (2012). Surgical treatment efficacy in 172 cases of tuberculosis-destroyed lungs. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 41(2), 335–340. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejcts.2011.05.028