Manufacturing has been experiencing dramatic evolutions in recent decades. The boundary of a manufacturing system is extended from a factory towards various types of network relationships. The mission for a manufacturing system is also transformed and re-defined. This chapter, based upon recent case studies and research in industry, foresees an evolutionary manufacturing system from which four main types of manufacturing systems are identified and analyzed in order to understand the motivations behind them, their intention and characteristics. This chapter suggests that classical manufacturing strategy theory should be adapted into a contingency strategy to respond to the manufacturing evolutions and treat different systems interdependently. This chapter also suggests a new conceptual framework for further research into new manufacturing evolution and contingency strategy.
Shi, Y. (2006). A Roadmap of Manufacturing System Evolution. In Evolution of Supply Chain Management (pp. 341–365). Kluwer Academic Publishers. https://doi.org/10.1007/0-306-48696-2_14