Extracellular enzyme activities associated with epiphytic microbiota on submerged stems of the reed Phragmites australis

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Abstract

Fluorogenic 4-methylumbelliferyl (MUF) compounds were used as analogue substrates for assay of extracellular enzyme activities associated with epiphytic microbiota at submerged Phragmites australis stem surfaces. Incubations at a range of MUF substrate concentrations indicated that saturation of enzyme activity was achieved at a MUF substrate concentration of about 200 μmol 1-1. Later determinations at a single, saturation, concentration of MUF substrate were, therefore, carried out at about 200 μmol l-1. Such determinations were undertaken using P. australis stems from eight gravel-pit ponds. The rate of enzymatic hydrolysis of MUF phosphate (analogue substrate for phosphatase activity) was > MUF β-d-glucopyranoside (β-d-glucosidase) > MUF β-d-galactopyranoside (β-d-galactosidase) > MUF sulphate (sulphatase) and MUF palmitate (lipase) on stems from all eight ponds. Thus the relative magnitude of the various components of total epiphyton extracellular enzyme activity might be a conservative feature. © 1990.

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Goulder, R. (1990). Extracellular enzyme activities associated with epiphytic microbiota on submerged stems of the reed Phragmites australis. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 73(4), 323–330. https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-1097(90)90766-J

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