Early and Persistent Intraventricular Conduction Abnormalities and Requirements for Pacemaking After Percutaneous Replacement of the Aortic Valve

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Abstract

Objectives: In this retrospective study, we examined the incidence of post-procedural conduction abnormalities and the need for pacing in patients undergoing percutaneous implantation of the aortic valve. Background: Safety and feasibility studies have suggested anecdotally the occurrence of conduction abnormalities and requirements for pacing after percutaneous implantation of the aortic valve. Methods: We examined the standard 12-lead electrocardiograms (ECGs) of 40 consecutive patients in whom a CoreValve Revalving System (CoreValve, Paris, France) was implanted between November 2005 and March 2008. We examined the 12-lead ECG before treatment, after treatment, and at 1-month follow-up. We documented the requirements for temporary or permanent pacemaking. Results: The mean age of patients was 82 ± 7 years. Post-procedural mortality at 72 h was 0%. There was a significant increase in the frequency of left bundle branch block (LBBB) after percutaneous aortic valve replacement (15% before treatment vs. 55% after treatment, p = 0.001). Although the incidence of LBBB had decreased after follow-up of 1 month, it did not reach statistical significance, with the proportion decreasing from 55% to 48% (p = 0.63). The only 2 patients with pre-treatment right bundle branch block became dependent on temporary pacing immediately after valve implantation and subsequently needed permanent pacing. A temporary and permanent pacemaker was required in 20% and 18% of patients, respectively. Conclusions: In this study, there was a significant increase in the frequency of LBBB after percutaneous insertion of the aortic valvar prosthesis. Patients with pre-existing right bundle branch block may be at risk for the development of complete heart block and subsequent need for pacing. © 2008 American College of Cardiology Foundation.

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Piazza, N., Onuma, Y., Jesserun, E., Kint, P. P., Maugenest, A. M., Anderson, R. H., … Serruys, P. W. (2008). Early and Persistent Intraventricular Conduction Abnormalities and Requirements for Pacemaking After Percutaneous Replacement of the Aortic Valve. JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions, 1(3), 310–316. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcin.2008.04.007

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