Classic Kaposi Sarcoma: To treat or not to treat?

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Abstract

Background: Classic Kaposi Sarcoma (KS) is vascular sarcoma, known to be more common in Mediterranean elderly men and characterized by an indolent clinical behavior. To our knowledge, this is the first evidence in literature, describing a spontaneous partial regression in a non-HIV, non-iatrogenic KS. Case presentation: A 68-years old woman, presenting with weight loss and respiratory symptoms, was diagnosed with a classic KS involving lungs and mediastinal lymph nodes. No skin or mucosal lesions were identified, HIV positivity was ruled out. Due to patient's choice, she was kept under surveillance with 3-monthly thorax-abdomen-pelvis computed tomography scan (TAP CT). A first reassessment proved progressive disease (PD) associated with symptoms worsening. A new TAP CT, performed at 5 months from the diagnosis, showed stable disease (SD), with a minor reduction in size of mediastinal lymphadenopathies. A further reassessment, performed 5 months later, resulted in a partial response (PR) despite the absence of any medical treatment. Up to date, the disease is in remission, patient is asymptomatic and still on surveillance. Conclusion: Given the possible indolent behaviour of KS, we believe that close surveillance can represent a valuable approach in selected cases.

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Vincenzi, B., D’Onofrio, L., Frezza, A. M., Grasso, R. F., Fausti, V., Santini, D., … Tonini, G. (2015). Classic Kaposi Sarcoma: To treat or not to treat? BMC Research Notes, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-015-1076-1

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