The blind flooding of query packets in route discovery more often characterizes the broadcast storm problem, exponentially increases energy consumption of intermediate nodes and congests the entire network. In such a congested network, the task of establishing the path between resources may become very complex and unwieldy. An extensive research work has been done in this area to improve the route discovery phase of routing protocols by reducing broadcast expenses. The purpose of this study is to provide a comparative analysis of existing broadcasting techniques for the route discovery phase, in order to bring about an efficient broadcasting technique for determining the route with minimum conveying nodes in ad-hoc networks. The study is designed to highlight the collective merits and demerits of such broadcasting techniques along with certain conclusions that would contribute to the choice of broadcasting techniques.
Ahmad, N., & Hussain, S. Z. (2016, July 1). Broadcast Expenses Controlling Techniques in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks: A Survey. Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences. King Saud bin Abdulaziz University. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jksuci.2015.08.004