5-Enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate (EPSP) synthase (AroA) is a key enzyme in the aromatic amino acid biosynthetic pathway in microorganisms and plants, and is the target of the herbicide glyphosate. Glyphosate tolerance activity of the enzyme could be obtained by natural occurrence or by site-directed mutagenesis. A functional Pseudomonas putida AroA was obtained by co-expression of two protein fragments AroAP. putida-N210 and AroA P. putida-C212 in Escherichia coli aroA mutant strain AB2829. From sequence analysis, the equivalent split site on E. coli AroA was chosen for further study. The result indicated that functional E. coli AroA could also be reconstituted from two protein fragments AroAE. coli-N218 and AroAE. coli-C219, under both in vivo and in vitro conditions. This result suggested that the fragment complementation property of this family of enzyme may be general. Additional experiments indicated that the glyphosate tolerance property of AroA could also be reconstituted in parallel with its enzyme activity. The implication of this finding is discussed. © 2006 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Sun, Y. C., Li, Y., Zhang, H., Yan, H. Q., Dowling, D. N., & Wang, Y. P. (2006). Reconstitution of the enzyme AroA and its glyphosate tolerance by fragment complementation. FEBS Letters, 580(5), 1521–1527. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.febslet.2006.01.075