Leishmania panamensis is the most common species of Leishmania in Panama, and it is known to cause cutaneous leishmaniasis, disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis, and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis; however, it not associated with diffuse cutaneous disease. In this study, we report the first case of diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by L panamensis.
Freites, C. O., Gundacker, N. D., Pascale, J. M., Saldaña, A., Diaz-Suarez, R., Jimenez, G., … Suarez, J. A. (2018). First case of diffuse leishmaniasis associated with leishmania panamensis. Open Forum Infectious Diseases, 5(11). https://doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofy281