Background: The goal of MBDC training for dementia caregivers is to develop a mindfulness practice and sustained attitudinal changes, to reduce stress and enhance interactions throughout the caregiving journey. This innovative program, pioneered by Manteau-Rao, has been studied previously for professional CG and for family caregivers (CG) in academic-based clinics. Our aim was to assess the well-being of family CG in our community-based dementia-care clinic prior to and following MBDC training. Methods: CG subjects were recruited from among companions of patients in the RDBHC by word-of-mouth and an advertising flyer. Manteau-Rao coached the Facilitator in the methods of MBDC training prior to project initiation. Subjects met in groups with the Facilitator in two separate sessions of 7 weekly 2-hour classes and a day-long retreat following Week 5. Subjects completed six validated surveys regarding aspects of CG well-being just prior to MBDC training, at completion of training, and at 6-month follow-up: 1) QOL (Logsdon, modified); 2) Self-Compassion (Neff); 3) Five-Facet Mindfulness (Baer); 4) Burden (Zarit Short Version); 5) Depression-PHQ9 (Spitzer); 6) Perceived Stress (Levenstein). Results: Fifteen CG consented to participate; data are reported for the 10 of 15 who completed training. Post-training data is available for 9 of 10, 6- month follow-up data for 4 of 10. Mean age 64 (51-76); 8F, 2M; 7 spouses, 3 adult children. 1) Mean QOL (scale 1-4), 2.76 pretraining, 2.85 post-training (p 0.19), 2.86 6-month. 2) Mean Selfcompassion (scale 1-5), 3.40 pre-training, 3.68 post-training (p 0.19), 4.17 6-month. 3) Mean Mindfulness (scale 1-5), 3.62 pretraining, 3.80 post-training (p 0.10), 3.93 6-month. 4) Mean Burden (scale 0-48), 25.1 pre-training, 20.33 post-training (p 0.15), 15.0 6- month. 5) Mean PHQ-9 Depression (scale 0-27), 5.9 pre-training, 4.89 post-training (p 0.20), 3.25 6-month. 6) Mean Perceived Stress (scale 1-4) 2.49 pre-training, 2.21 post-training (p 0.11), 2.20 6- month. Conclusions: Preliminary data from this small study show trends toward improved QOL, self-compassion and mindfulness, and toward reduced burden, depression and perceived stress, following MBDC training. This study contributes to the growing body of evidence supporting the benefits of MBDC to dementia CG. Updated data will be provided at the time of presentation.
Dioquino, Y. W. J., Manteau-Rao, M., Peterson, K., & Madison, C. A. (2016). P1-445: Preliminary Findings from a Study of Mindfulness-Based Dementia Care (MBDC) Training: A Method to Enhance Dementia Caregiver Well-Being. Alzheimer’s & Dementia, 12, P605–P605. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jalz.2016.06.1197