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This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: To systematically review evidence on the effectiveness of PRT in individuals with ASD. Our specific objectives are: to assess the effect of PRT compared with treatment as usual or wait-list control on social communication skills in individuals with ASD based on: 1. direct observation; and 2. parent/caregiver or teacher report (or both); to assess the effect of PRT compared to treatment as usual or wait-list control on: 1. a. intelligence; b. restricted and repetitive behaviour; c. internalising and externalising behaviour; d. global clinical improvement; e. the dose-response of PRT; and f. possible reported adverse effects; and 2. parenting stress; to examine differential effects of age, gender, IQ measure before treatment, and severity of ASD symptoms on treatment outcomes; and to examine differential effects of fidelity of PRT implementation, duration of intervention, intensity of intervention, implementation setting and therapist involvement on treatment outcomes.
Smeekens, I., Oosterling, I. J., den Boer, J. C., Buitelaar, J. K., Staal, W. G., & van Dongen-Boomsma, M. (2017). Pivotal Response Treatment for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2017(12). https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD012887