Anastomotic leakage is one of the most important complications that occur after surgical low anterior resection for rectal cancer. There are indications that anastomotic leak is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, frequent re-operation or radiological drainage, and prolonged hospital stay. Defunctioning stoma can be useful for patients undergoing a rectal surgery.
Montedori, A., Cirocchi, R., Farinella, E., Sciannameo, F., & Abraha, I. (2010). Covering ileo- or colostomy in anterior resection for rectal carcinoma. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd006878.pub2