Background: To validate the Argentinean Spanish version of the PedsQL™ 4.0 Generic Core Scales in Argentinean children and adolescents with chronic conditions and to assess the impact of socio-demographic characteristics on the instrument's comprehensibility and acceptability. Reliability, and known-groups, and convergent validity were tested. Methods: Consecutive sample of 287 children with chronic conditions and 105 healthy children, ages 2-18, and their parents. Chronically ill children were: (1) attending outpatient clinics and (2) had one of the following diagnoses: stem cell transplant, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, HIV/AIDS, cancer, end stage renal disease, complex congenital cardiopathy. Patients and adult proxies completed the PedsQL™ 4.0 and an overall health status assessment. Physicians were asked to rate degree of health status impairment. Results: The PedsQL™ 4.0 was feasible (only 9 children, all 5 to 7 year-olds, could not complete the instrument), easy to administer, completed without, or with minimal, help by most children and parents, and required a brief administration time (average 5-6 minutes). People living below the poverty line and/or low literacy needed more help to complete the instrument. Cronbach Alpha's internal consistency values for the total and subscale scores exceeded 0.70 for self-reports of children over 8 years-old and parent-reports of children over 5 years of age. Reliability of proxy-reports of 2-4 year-olds was low but improved when school items were excluded. Internal consistency for 5-7 year-olds was low (α range = 0.28-0.76). Construct validity was good. Child self-report and parent proxy-report PedsQL™ 4.0 scores were moderately but significantly correlated (ρ = 0.39, p < 0.0001) and both significantly correlated with physician's assessment of health impairment and with child self-reported overall health status. The PedsQL™ 4.0 discriminated between healthy and chronically ill children (72.72 and 66.87, for healthy and ill children, respectively, p = 0.01), between different chronic health conditions, and children from lower socioeconomic status. Conclusion: Results suggest that the Argentinean Spanish PedsQL™ 4.0 is suitable for research purposes in the public health setting for children over 8 years old and parents of children over 5 years old. People with low income and low literacy need help to complete the instrument. Steps to expand the use of the Argentinean Spanish PedsQL™ 4.0 include an alternative approach to scoring for the 2-4 year-olds, further understanding of how to increase reliability for the 5-7 year-olds self-report, and confirmation of other aspects of validity. © 2008 Roizen et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Roizen, M., Rodríguez, S., Bauer, G., Medin, G., Bevilacqua, S., Varni, J. W., & Dussel, V. (2008). Initial validation of the Argentinean Spanish version of the PedsQLTM 4.0 Generic Core Scales in children and adolescents with chronic diseases: Acceptability and comprehensibility in low-income settings. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 6. https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7525-6-59