Background. The diastereoselectivity of a vinylogous Mukaiyama aldol reaction of a series of N-substituted 4-oxy-2-trimethylsilyloxypyrroles with a tartrate-based aldehyde has been explored as a model reaction for castanospermine synthesis. Results. The study has revealed that the reaction is sensitive to the nature of the combination of N- and 4-oxy substituents. With a N-PMB or N-Bn and 4-methoxy combination, the reaction generates an aldol adduct with the correct absolute configurations for C-8 and C-8a of the indolizidine alkaloid castanospermine. The adduct was transformed to an indolizidine, whose ketal could not be transformed appropriately for the target alkaloid. Conclusion. The first successful diastereoselective Mukaiyama aldol strategy for the C-8 and C-8a stereogenic centres of castanospermine is presented using silyloxypyrrole chemistry. The results suggest that a full enantioselective synthesis can be realized provided that C-1 functionalisation is accomplished early in the synthesis, post-coupling. © 2007 Hunter et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Hunter, R., Rees-Jones, S. C. M., & Su, H. (2007). Vinylogous Mukaiyama aldol reactions with 4-oxy-2- trimethylsilyloxypyrroles: Relevance to castanospermine synthesis. Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry, 3. https://doi.org/10.1186/1860-5397-3-38