Direct puncture and cannulation of peripheral arteries is frequently performed in critical care and in emergency settings, mainly for hemodynamic monitoring and blood sampling. While there is abundant literature on peripheral arterial cannulation in children and adults, there is still scope for clinical improvements which may impact on patient safety. Although the radial artery is the most frequently utilized access site today, due to its superficial proximity, ease of access, and low risk of adverse events, other sites are sometimes chosen. The authors propose the Safe Insertion of Arterial Catheters (SIA) protocol, an ultrasound-guided insertion bundle applying a systematic approach to arterial cannulation, with a focus on improving insertion practices, reducing procedural complications, increasing the patient safety profile, and improving device performance.
Spencer, T. R., Imbriaco, G., Bardin-Spencer, A., Mahoney, K. J., Brescia, F., Lamperti, M., & Pittiruti, M. (2023). Safe Insertion of Arterial Catheters (SIA): An ultrasound-guided protocol to minimize complications for arterial cannulation. Journal of Vascular Access. SAGE Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1177/11297298231178064