The BATS (Biosphere Atmosphere Transfer Scheme) model was used to simulate the thunderstorm and flood events in the mountains and plains of the Huaihe River Basin in 1998. And the inherent relationship among runoff, soil moisture content, soil texture and vegetation distribution were exposed via the simulation of water exchange between land and atmosphere. Results show that the effect of soil moisture content in root layer, soil texture, and soil color on the runoff in the mountains is similar to that in the plains, whereas with different sensitivities. However, the effect of soil moisture content in deep layer and vegetation canopy ratio on the runoff in the mountains is opposite to that in the plains. The meteorological and land surface conditions are different between the mountains and the plains, so their hydrological characteristics are different, showing the different atmospheric-hydrological relationship.
Xing-Wu, C., Jin, Z., Hong, Z., Kai, W., & Min, X. (2016). Numerical Simulation of Land Surface Hydrological Process over Huaihe River Basin. In Procedia Engineering (Vol. 154, pp. 1064–1070). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2016.07.597