Efecto del bypass gástrico a largo plazo (7 a 10 años) en pacientes con obesidad severa y mórbida sobre el peso corporal, diabetes, dislipidemia y desarrollo de anemia

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Abstract

Background: There is a paucity of information about the long term effects of gastric bypass for morbid obesity. Aim: To study the evolution of weight and complications of obesity, seven to 10 years after gastric bypass surgery. Material and Methods: One hundred eighteen subjects with morbid obesity, aged 15 to 66 years (103 women), were followed for a mean of 94 months after surgery. Body weight, fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides and hemoglobin were measured before surgery and during follow up. Results: At 24 months of follow up, all patients lost weight and there was a mild weight increase at 94 months, that paralleled the preoperative body mass index. Diabetes, hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia subsided in 95, 87 and 94% of cases, respectively. Twenty percent of patients had mild anemia and 11% moderate or severe anemia. No patient recovered the preoperative weight. Conclusions: Weight reducing effects of gastric bypass are maintained after 94 months of follow up with the expected health benefits.

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Attila Csendes, J., Karin Papapietro, V., Ana María Burgos, L., Enrique Lanzarini, S., & Moira Canobra, L. (2011). Efecto del bypass gástrico a largo plazo (7 a 10 años) en pacientes con obesidad severa y mórbida sobre el peso corporal, diabetes, dislipidemia y desarrollo de anemia. Revista Medica de Chile, 139(11), 1414–1420. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872011001100004

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