Effect of caffeine on vestibular evoked myogenic potential: a systematic review with meta-analysis

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Abstract

Introduction: Caffeine can be considered the most consumed drug by adults worldwide, and can be found in several foods, such as chocolate, coffee, tea, soda and others. Overall, caffeine in moderate doses, results in increased physical and intellectual productivity, increases the capacity of concentration and reduces the time of reaction to sensory stimuli. On the other hand, high doses can cause noticeable signs of mental confusion and error induction in intellectual tasks, anxiety, restlessness, muscle tremors, tachycardia, labyrinthine changes, and tinnitus. Objective: Considering that the vestibular evoked myogenic potential is a clinical test that evaluates the muscular response of high intensity auditory stimulation, the present systematic review aimed to analyze the effects of caffeine on vestibular evoked myogenic potential. Methods: This study consisted of the search of the following databases: MEDLINE, CENTRAL, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, SciELO and ClinicalTrials.gov. Additionally, the gray literature was also searched. The search strategy included terms related to intervention (caffeine or coffee consumption) and the primary outcome (vestibular evoked myogenic potential). Results: Based on the 253 potentially relevant articles identified through the database search, only two full-text publications were retrieved for further evaluation, which were maintained for qualitative analysis. Conclusion: Analyzing the articles found, caffeine has no effect on vestibular evoked myogenic potential in normal individuals.

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Souza, M. E. D. C. A. de, Costa, K. V. T. da, & Menezes, P. de L. (2018, May 1). Effect of caffeine on vestibular evoked myogenic potential: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology. Elsevier Editora Ltda. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2017.11.003

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