Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the vasodilating β-blocker nebivolol and the cardioselective β-blocker metoprolol on nitric oxide (NO) levels at vascular graft endothelium and vasa vasorum compared to controls in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Methods This was a prospective study. Fifty-five patients were divided into three groups: nebivolol group (group N, n = 23), metoprolol group (group M, n = 16), and control group (group A, n = 16). Group N received nebivolol 5 mg once daily, and group M received metoprolol 50 mg once daily for 15 days in the preoperative period. Control patients did not use β-blocker therapy. Tissue samples of both left internal mammary artery (LIMA) and saphenous vein grafts were investigated for NO activity using immunohistochemical methods. Results Demographic characteristics and risk factors were similar between groups. We observed the highest NO activity in group N in both endothelial and vasa vasorum samples of LIMA and saphenous veins. NO activity of metoprolol group was similar to controls. Conclusions According to our results, we think that nebivolol may be safer and preferable in order to diminish graft spasm in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery due to the NO-mediated vasodilating effect. © 2013 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of European Society for Vascular Surgery.
Bayar, E., Ilhan, G., Furat, C., Atik, C., Arslanoglu, Y., Kuran, C., … Durakoglugil, M. E. (2014). The effect of different β-blockers on vascular graft nitric oxide levels: Comparison of nebivolol versus metoprolol. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, 47(2), 204–208. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2013.11.003