Citations of this article
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
Get full text


This study investigated the optimum thermochemical liquefaction (TCL) operating conditions for producing biocrude from Spirulina platensis. TCL experiments were performed at various temperatures (200-380°C), holding times (0-120min), and solids concentrations (10-50%). TCL conversion at 350°C, 60min holding time and 20% solids concentration produced the highest biocrude yield of 39.9% representing 98.3% carbon conversion efficiency. Light fraction biocrude (B1) appeared at 300°C or higher temperatures and represented 50-63% of the total biocrude. Biocrude obtained at 350-380°C had similar fuel properties to that of petroleum crude with energy density of 34.7-39.9MJkg-1compared to 42.9MJkg-1for petroleum crude. Biocrude from conversion at 300°C or above had 71-77% elemental carbon, and 0.6-11.6% elemental oxygen and viscosities in the range 40-68 cP. GC/MS of biocrude reported higher hydrocarbons (C16-C17), phenolics, carboxylic acids, esters, aldehydes, amines, and amides. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.




Jena, U., Das, K. C., & Kastner, J. R. (2011). Effect of operating conditions of thermochemical liquefaction on biocrude production from Spirulina platensis. Bioresource Technology, 102(10), 6221–6229. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2011.02.057

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free