Synthetic lipids were examined for their ability to mimic or to antagonize lipopolysaccharide (LPS) action in murine B-lymphocytes. Several recognized effects of LPS were analyzed: prevention of spontaneous apoptosis, expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and stimulation of proliferation. Three synthetic lipids were used for that purpose: a lipopeptide (compound MTPP) which carries non-hydroxylated fatty acids, and is thus unrelated to LPS, and two glycolipids with hydroxylated fatty acids (compounds D2 and PPDm2-B), structurally related to the lipid A region of enterobacterial and Rhodopseudomonas LPS, respectively. We found that the ability of these lipids to induce LPS-like responses was not correlated with their structural analogy with LPS. Thus, the lipopeptide, MTPP, mimicked LPS in the three activities, whereas the glycolipid, D2, did not. In contrast, the ability of synthetic lipids to block LPS effects was correlated with their structural analogy with LPS. We thus observed that compound D2 selectively blocked LPS-induced ALP expression and that PPDm2-B selectively inhibited LPS-induced prevention of apoptosis. These synthetic lipids could therefore be useful for studying the LPS-mediated signals involved in B-cell activation and apoptosis.
Souvannavong, V., Andréau, K., Adam, A., & Chaby, R. (1999). Effect of synthetic lipids on apoptosis and expression of alkaline phosphatase in B-lymphocytes: Influence on lipopolysaccharide action. FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology, 26(1), 37–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0928-8244(99)00117-0