Effective AAV-mediated gene therapy in a mouse model of ethylmalonic encephalopathy

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Abstract

Ethylmalonic encephalopathy (EE) is an invariably fatal disease, characterized by the accumulation of hydrogen sulfide (H(2) S), a highly toxic compound. ETHE1, encoding sulfur dioxygenase (SDO), which takes part in the mitochondrial pathway that converts sulfide into harmless sulfate, is mutated in EE. The main source of H(2) S is the anaerobic bacterial flora of the colon, although in trace amount it is also produced by tissues, where it acts as a 'gasotransmitter'. Here, we show that AAV2/8-mediated, ETHE1-gene transfer to the liver of a genetically, metabolically and clinically faithful EE mouse model resulted in full restoration of SDO activity, correction of plasma thiosulfate, a biomarker reflecting the accumulation of H(2) S, and spectacular clinical improvement. Most of treated animals were alive and well >6-8 months after birth, whereas untreated individuals live 26 ± 7 days. Our results provide proof of concept on the efficacy and safety of AAV2/8-mediated livergene therapy for EE, and alike conditions caused by the accumulation of harmful compounds in body fluids and tissues, which can directly be transferred to the clinic.

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APA

Di Meo, I., Auricchio, A., Lamperti, C., Burlina, A., Viscomi, C., & Zeviani, M. (2012). Effective AAV-mediated gene therapy in a mouse model of ethylmalonic encephalopathy. EMBO Molecular Medicine, 4(9), 1008–1014. https://doi.org/10.1002/emmm.201201433

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