Effectiveness of an intervention in increasing the provision of preventive care by community mental health services: A non-randomized, multiple baseline implementation trial

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Abstract

� 2016 Bartlem et al. Background: Relative to the general population, people with a mental illness are more likely to have modifiable chronic disease health risk behaviours. Care to reduce such risks is not routinely provided by community mental health clinicians. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of an intervention in increasing the provision of preventive care by such clinicians addressing four chronic disease risk behaviours. Methods: A multiple baseline trial was undertaken in two groups of community mental health services in New South Wales, Australia (2011-2014). A 12-month practice change intervention was sequentially implemented in each group. Outcome data were collected continuously via telephone interviews with a random sample of clients over a 3-year period, from 6 months pre-intervention in the first group, to 6 months post intervention in the second group. Outcomes were client-reported receipt of assessment, advice and referral for tobacco smoking, harmful alcohol consumption, inadequate fruit and/or vegetable consumption and inadequate physical activity and for the four behaviours combined. Logistic regression analyses examined change in client-reported receipt of care. Results: There was an increase in assessment for all risks combined following the intervention (18 to 29 %; OR 3.55, p = 0.002: n = 805 at baseline, 982 at follow-up). No significant change in assessment, advice or referral for each individual risk was found. Conclusions: The intervention had a limited effect on increasing the provision of preventive care. Further research is required to determine how to increase the provision of preventive care in community mental health services.

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Bartlem, K. M., Bowman, J., Freund, M., Wye, P. M., Barker, D., McElwaine, K. M., … Wiggers, J. (2016). Effectiveness of an intervention in increasing the provision of preventive care by community mental health services: A non-randomized, multiple baseline implementation trial. Implementation Science, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/S13012-016-0408-4

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