Background: Few studies have examined the contribution of treatment on the mortality of dementia based on a population-based study. Objective: To investigate the effects of anti-dementia and nootropic treatments on the mortality of dementia using a population-based cohort study. Methods: 12,193 incident dementia patients were found from 2000 to 2010. Their data were compared with 12,193 age- and sex-matched non-dementia controls that were randomly selected from the same database. Dementia was classified into vascular (VaD) and degenerative dementia. Mortality incidence and hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated. Results: The median survival time was 3.39 years (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.88-3.79) for VaD without medication, 6.62 years (95% CI: 6.24-7.21) for VaD with nootropics, 3.01 years (95% CI: 2.85-3.21) for degenerative dementia without medication, 8.11 years (95% CI: 6.30-8.55) for degenerative dementia with anti-dementia medication, 6.00 years (95% CI: 5.73-6.17) for degenerative dementia with nootropics, and 9.03 years (95% CI: 8.02-9.87) for degenerative dementia with both anti-dementia and nootropic medications. Compared to the non-dementia group, the HRs among individuals with degenerative dementia were 2.69 (95% CI: 2.55-2.83) without medication, 1.46 (95% CI: 1.39-1.54) with nootropics, 1.05 (95% CI: 0.82-1.34) with anti-dementia medication, and 0.92 (95% CI: 0.80-1.05) with both nootropic and anti-dementia medications. VaD with nootropics had a lower mortality (HR: 1.25, 95% CI: 1.15-1.37) than VaD without medication (HR: 2.46, 95% CI: 2.22-2.72). Conclusion: Pharmacological treatments have beneficial effects for patients with dementia in prolonging their survival.
C.-Y., W., H.-Y., H., L.-H., C., Y.-J., C., N., H., P.-N., W., & C.-P., L. (2015). The effects of anti-dementia and nootropic treatments on the mortality of patients with dementia: A population-based cohort study in Taiwan. PLoS ONE, 10(6). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130993 LK - http://mgetit.lib.umich.edu/sfx_locater?sid=EMBASE&issn=19326203&id=doi:10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0130993&atitle=The+effects+of+anti-dementia+and+nootropic+treatments+on+the+mortality+of+patients+with+dementia%3A+A+population-based+cohort+study+in+Taiwan&stitle=PLoS+ONE&title=PLoS+ONE&volume=10&issue=6&spage=&epage=&aulast=Wu&aufirst=Chen-Yi&auinit=C.-Y.&aufull=Wu+C.-Y.&coden=POLNC&isbn=&pages=-&date=2015&auinit1=C&auinitm=-Y