Effects of baffles on flow distribution in an electrostatic precipitator (ESP) of a coal based power plant

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Abstract

Electrostatic Precipitators (ESP) are the most reliable and industrially used control devices to capture fine particles for reducing exhaust emission. Its efficiency is 99% or more. However, capturing submicron particles which are hazardous is still a problem as it involves complex flow phenomena and ESP design limitations. In this study, the effect of baffles on flow distribution inside the ESP is investigated computationally. Baffles are expected to increase the residence time of flue gas which helps to collect more particles into the collector plates, and hence increase the collection efficiency of an ESP. Besides, the placement of a baffle is likely to cause swirling of flue gas and hence sub-micron particles move towards the collector plate due to eccentric and electrostatic force. Therefore, the effects of position, shape and thickness of the baffles on collection efficiency which are also important for ESP design are reported in this study. The fluid flow distribution has been modelled using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software Fluent and the result and outcome are presented and discussed. The result shows that baffles have significant influence on fluid flow pattern and the efficiency of ESP.

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Sayem, A. S. M., Khan, M. M. K., Rasul, M. G., Amanullah, M. T. O., & Hassan, N. M. S. (2015). Effects of baffles on flow distribution in an electrostatic precipitator (ESP) of a coal based power plant. In Procedia Engineering (Vol. 105, pp. 529–536). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2015.05.086

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