Effects of dockerin domains on Neocallimastix frontalis xylanases

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Abstract

Two xylanase genes were cloned from the anaerobic fungus Neocallimastix frontalis. Xyn11A had a modular structure of two catalytic domains and two dockerin domains, while Xyn11B had one catalytic domain and two dockerin domains. The characteristics of the xylanases with and without dockerin domains were investigated. The deletion of dockerin domains had little influence on the optimal pH of xylanases, while it significantly affected the optimal temperatures. The optimal temperatures increased from 55 to 60°C for Xyn11A and 60 to 65°C for Xyn11B after the deletion of dockerin domains. The increase of optimal temperatures was attributed to the lower stability of the second structure in full length xylanase than that in the truncated one as evidenced by the circular dichroism spectroscopy. The specific activity of Xyn11A and Xyn11B increased about 64% and 330%, respectively, after the deletion of the dockerin domains. The removal of dockerin domains appeared to increase the overall efficiency of Xyn11A′ (1.2-) and Xyn11B′ (2.9-) fold with oat spelts xylan as reflected by the values of kcat/K m. The results suggest that the dockerin domain might play an important role in the characteristics of xylanases from anaerobic fungi. © 2005 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Huang, Y. H., Huang, C. T., & Hseu, R. S. (2005). Effects of dockerin domains on Neocallimastix frontalis xylanases. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 243(2), 455–460. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.femsle.2005.01.008

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