Effects of fatty acids, nucleotides and reactive oxygen species on durum wheat mitochondria

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Abstract

Linoleic acid (LA) and other fatty acids added to respiring durum wheat mitochondria (DWM) were found to cause a remarkable membrane potential (ΔΨ) decrease, as monitored by measuring safranin fluorescence. The rate of ΔΨ decrease showed (i) saturation dependence on LA concentration; (ii) fatty acid specificity; (iii) inhibition by externally added ATP, GDP, GTP and Mg2+ and (iv) sigmoid dependence upon initial ΔΨ, thus suggesting the existence of an active plant mitochondrial uncoupling protein (PUMP) in mitochondria from monocotyledonous species (durum wheat, Triticum durum Desf.). Surprisingly, the rate of the linoleate dependent ΔΨ decrease was found to be activated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) (hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion) and, moreover, linoleate proved to lower the mitochondrial generation of superoxide anion. These results suggest that ROS can activate PUMP, thus protecting the cell against mitochondrial ROS production. © 2000 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.

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Pastore, D., Fratianni, A., Di Pede, S., & Passarella, S. (2000). Effects of fatty acids, nucleotides and reactive oxygen species on durum wheat mitochondria. FEBS Letters, 470(1), 88–92. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0014-5793(00)01292-8

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