The prodrug droxidopa increases blood pressure (BP) in patients with neurogenic orthostatic hypotension. The BP profile of droxidopa in neurogenic orthostatic hypotension patients (n = 18) was investigated using ambulatory BP monitoring. Following dose optimization and a washout period, 24-hour “off-drug” data were collected. “On-drug” assessment was conducted after 4–5 weeks of droxidopa treatment (mean dose, 444 mg, three times daily). Ambulatory monitoring off drug revealed that 90% of patients already had abnormalities in the circadian BP profile and did not meet criteria for normal nocturnal BP dipping. On treatment, both overall mean 24-hour systolic and diastolic BPs were higher compared to off drug (137/81 mm Hg vs. 129/76 mm Hg; P = .017/.002). Mean daytime systolic BP was significantly higher with droxidopa (8.4 ± 3.1 mm Hg; P = .014). Although nocturnal BP was not significantly higher on droxidopa versus off treatment (P = .122), increases in nocturnal (supine) BP ≥10 mm Hg were observed in four cases (22%). Severe supine systolic hypertensive readings at night (>200 mm Hg) were captured in one case and only while on treatment. These data demonstrate that ambulatory BP monitoring is useful to evaluate the circadian BP profile after initiating treatment with a pressor agent.
Kaufmann, H., Norcliffe-Kaufmann, L., Hewitt, L. A., Rowse, G. J., & White, W. B. (2016). Effects of the novel norepinephrine prodrug, droxidopa, on ambulatory blood pressure in patients with neurogenic orthostatic hypotension. Journal of the American Society of Hypertension, 10(10), 819–826. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jash.2016.07.009