Efficacy and safety of vitamin C for atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery: A meta-analysis with trial sequential analysis of randomized controlled trials

  • X. H
  • L. Y
  • H. W
  • et al.
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Abstract

Objectives Antioxidant supplement is an option in preventing postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) after cardiac surgery. However, the benefits and adverse effects of vitamin C have not been well assessed. We aimed to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of vitamin C in preventing postoperative AF in adult patients after cardiac surgery. Methods PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane library databases from inception to September 2016 were searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated the efficacy and safety of vitamin C in preventing postoperative AF in adult patients after cardiac surgery were identified. The primary outcome was the incidence of postoperative AF. Secondary outcomes included the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, length of hospital stay, and stroke events. Results Eight RCTs incorporating 1060 patients were included. Compared with placebo group, vitamin C treatment was associated with a substantial reduction in postoperative AF (OR, 0.47; 95% CI, 0.36-0.62; evidence rank: moderate), with no significant heterogeneity (I2 44%; P = 0.09). Trial sequential analysis showed that the cumulative Z-curve crossed the trial sequential monitoring boundary for benefit, establishing sufficient and conclusive evidence. In addition, vitamin C administration was not associated with any length of stay, including in the ICU (evidence rank: low) and hospital (evidence rank: low), respectively. Conclusions Short-term treatment with vitamin C is safe, and may reduce the incidence of postoperative AF after cardiac surgery. Future studies as well as more high quality RCTs are still warranted to confirm the effects of different durations of vitamin C on cardiac surgery.Copyright © 2016 IJS Publishing Group Ltd

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APA

X., H., L., Y., H., W., C., L., J., C., & Y., H. (2017). Efficacy and safety of vitamin C for atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery: A meta-analysis with trial sequential analysis of randomized controlled trials. International Journal of Surgery, 37, 58–64. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2016.12.009

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