Objective:To determine whether reading is a protective factor against cognitive decline in the population aged over 65 years. Methods: We performed an unmatched case-control study in the Fuente de San Luis Health Center in Valencia, Spain. A total of 153 subjects aged more than 65 years old were studied, corresponding to 51 cases and 102 controls. Cognitive impairment was measured by the version of the Mini-Mental State Examination adapted and validated to Spanish. Reading habits were assessed with the scale of the Federación de Gremios y Editores de España. Results: Logistic regression showed a significant association with the habit of frequent reading for more than 5 years, complete primary school education, and age lower than 75 years. Conclusions: Reading is a protective factor against cognitive impairment. This protection is greater in frequent readers with a history of reading of over 5 years. © 2012 SESPAS.
Esteve, M. E., & Gil, Á. C. (2013). El hábito de lectura como factor protector de deterioro cognitivo. Gaceta Sanitaria, 27(1), 68–71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2012.04.016