Fuel cells are a promising technology solution for reliable and clean energy because they offer high energy conversion efficiency and low emission of pollutants. However, high cost and insufficient durability are considerable challenges for widespread adoption of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) in practical applications. Current PEMFCs catalysts have been identified as major contributors to both the high cost and limited durability. Atomic layer deposition (ALD) is emerging as a powerful technique for solving these problems due to its exclusive advantages over other methods. In this review, we summarize recent developments of ALD in PEMFCs with a focus on design of materials for improved catalyst activity and durability. New research directions and future trends have also been discussed.
Cheng, N., Shao, Y., Liu, J., & Sun, X. (2016). Electrocatalysts by atomic layer deposition for fuel cell applications. Nano Energy, 29, 220–242. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2016.01.016