Emergence of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii ST787 in clinical isolates from blood in a tertiary teaching hospital in Northern Taiwan

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Abstract

Background/Purpose The purpose of this study is to investigate the predominant clones of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) in our hospital in Taiwan by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) technique. Methods We collected 108 non-duplicate A. baumannii clinical blood isolates from January 2012 to December 2013 in MacKay Memorial Hospital. PFGE and MLST were used for typing the A. baumannii isolates and for investigation of the predominant clones. Bacteria isolates were screened by polymerase chain reaction for the presence of the carbapenemase-encoding genes. Results All 108 isolates were classified as 33 pulsotypes by PFGE. The predominant clones were pulsotype 10 (12.04%) in 2012 and pulsotype 8 (16.67%) in 2013, respectively. The 31 predominant pulsotype isolates were typed by MLST, and ST787 (54.84%) and ST455 (45.16%) were identified. All isolates carried blaOXA-51-like genes, and blaOXA-23-like genes was founded in 101 isolates (93.52%). Other identified resistance genes included blaOXA-24-like and blaOXA-IMP. Conclusion To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to describe the microbiological characteristics of CRAB ST787, which carried high genetic resistance to carbapenem, but remained susceptible to colistin. CRAB ST787 was the predominant clone in our hospital in the study period.

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Hu, Y. F., Hou, C. J. Y., Kuo, C. F., Wang, N. Y., Wu, A. Y. J., Leung, C. H., … Yeh, H. I. (2017). Emergence of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii ST787 in clinical isolates from blood in a tertiary teaching hospital in Northern Taiwan. Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection, 50(5), 640–645. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmii.2016.08.025

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