BACKGROUND: The development of outstanding computer science technologies such as virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) has provided new avenues in order to challenge the functional connectivity disruption seen in neurodegenerative diseases. Virtually simulating the outside world with high realism, close-to-total immersion and easiness of interaction presents an interesting way to decipher new therapeutic perspectives as a noninvasive and non-pharmacological neuromodulation tool. As of recently, these cutting-edge techniques already appear to be used in the treatment of some neuropsychiatric disorders, cognitive and behavioral impairments since the patient is placed in an environment virtually yet specifically adapted to his needs. Specific use of VR and AR becomes interesting for both social and functional rehabilitation whether it originates from traumatic situations and injuries or from pathologies known to show from neuromuscular disturbances to decay. Virtual reality is already used in research in combination to rehabilitation adapted treadmills in order to help treat children with cerebral palsy (coordination impairment, stiff and weakmuscles, tremors, etc.) that appear in early childhood (Sloot et al., 2015; Cho et al., 2016). However, there is still some work to be done to improve the actual research setups and the reproducibility of results. Therefore, we will review here the innovative and emergent role of cybertherapies and focus on the possibilities to extend its use as far as rehabilitation centers to everyday well-being.
Y., B., P., L., & A., C. (2017). The emergent role of virtual reality in the treatment of neuropsychiatric disease. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 11(SEP). https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2017.00491 LK - http://rug.on.worldcat.org/atoztitles/link/?sid=EMBASE&issn=1662453X&id=doi:10.3389%2Ffnins.2017.00491&atitle=The+emergent+role+of+virtual+reality+in+the+treatment+of+neuropsychiatric+disease&stitle=Front.+Neurosci.&title=Frontiers+in+Neuroscience&volume=11&issue=SEP&spage=&epage=&aulast=Benyoucef&aufirst=Yacine&auinit=Y.&aufull=Benyoucef+Y.&coden=&isbn=&pages=-&date=2017&auinit1=Y&auinitm=