The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a principal mediator of signal transduction in the cell, and disruption of its normal function (a mechanism known as ER stress) has been associated with the pathogenesis of several diseases. ER stress has been demonstrated to contribute to onset and progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR) by induction of multiple inflammatory signaling pathways. Recent studies have begun to describe the gene expression profile of ER stress-related genes in DR; moreover, genes that play a protective role against DR have been identified. P58IPK was determined to be able to reduce retinal vascular leakage under high glucose conditions, thus protecting retinal cells. It has also been found by our lab that ER-associated protein degradation factors exhibit significantly different expression patterns in rat retinas under sustained high glucose conditions. Future research based upon these collective genomic findings will contribute to our overall understanding of DR pathogenesis as well as identify potential therapeutic targets.
Hu, W. K., Liu, R., Pei, H., & Li, B. (2012). Endoplasmic reticulum stress-related factors protect against diabetic retinopathy. Experimental Diabetes Research. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/507986