BACKGROUND/AIM: In the colorectum, lymphoid follicles hyperplasia (LH) is sometimes observed as small, round, yellowish-white nodules. The novel image-enhanced endoscopy system named blue laser imaging (BLI) provides enhanced the contrast of surface vessels using lasers for light illumination. We investigated the endoscopic features of LH observed by using BLI endoscopy and its association with chronic bowel symptoms. PATIENTS/METHODS: 300 participants undergoing colonoscopy for various indications were enrolled. Entire colorectum was observed by using BLI-bright mode with non-magnification view. LH was defined as well demarcated white nodules. Elevated LH with erythema was distinguished as LH severe. RESULTS: LHs were observed more clearly by using BLI-bright mode compared to conventional white light colonoscopy and were also histologically confirmed as intense infiltration of lymphocytes or plasmacytes. LH was observed in 134 subjects (44.6%) and 67 (22.3%) were LH severe. LH was associated younger age (Odds ratio (OR) = 1.05, 95%Confidence Interval (95%CI) = 1.03-1.07, P<0.0001) and chronic bowel symptoms including constipation, hard stools, diarrhea and loose stools (all LH: OR = 4.03, 95%CI = 2.36-6.89, P<0.0001, LH severe: OR = 5.31, 95%CI = 2.64-10.71, P<0.0001). LH severe was closely associated with both constipation associated symptoms (OR = 3.94, 95%CI = 1.79-8.66, P = 0.0007) and diarrhea associated symptoms (OR = 5.22, 95%CI = 2.09-13.05, P = 0.0004). In particular, LH severe in the ascending colon was strongly associated with bowel symptoms (P<0.0001). CONCLUSION: LH, visualized by using BLI endoscopy was associated with bowel symptom, raising the possibility of pathogenic role of this endoscopic finding in the functional lower gastrointestinal disorders.
Tahara, T., Takahama, K., Tahara, S., Yoshida, D., Horiguchi, N., Kawamura, T., … Ohmiya, N. (2017). Endoscopic features of lymphoid follicles using blue laser imaging (BLI) endoscopy in the colorectum and its association with chronic bowel symptoms. PLoS ONE, 12(8). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0182224