Amyloid accumulation in the brain of Alzheimer's patients results from altered processing of the 39- to 43-amino acid amyloid β protein (Aβ). The mechanisms for the elevated amyloid (Aβ 1-42 ) are considered to be over-expression of the amyloid precursor protein (APP), enhanced cleavage of APP to Aβ, and decreased clearance of Aβ from the central nervous system (CNS). We report herein studies of Aβ stimulated effects on endothelial cells. We observe an interesting and as yet unprecedented feedback effect involving Aβ 1-42 fibril-induced synthesis of APP by Western blot analysis in the endothelial cell line Hep-1. We further observe an increase in the expression of Aβ 1-40 by flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopy. This phenomenon is reproducible for cultures grown both in the presence and absence of serum. In the former case, flow cytometry reveals that Aβ 1-40 accumulation is less pronounced than under serum-free conditions. Immunofluorescence staining further corroborates these observations. Cellular responses to fibrillar Aβ 1-42 treatment involving eNOS upregulation and increased autophagy are also reported.
Rajadas, J., Sun, W., Li, H., Inayathullah, M., Cereghetti, D., Tan, A., … Rifkind, J. M. (2013). Enhanced Aβ1-40 Production in Endothelial Cells Stimulated with Fibrillar Aβ1-42. PLoS ONE, 8(3). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058194