Alpha-mannosidosis is an ultra-rare monogenic disorder resulting from a deficiency in the lysosomal enzyme alpha-mannosidase, with a prevalence estimated to be as low as 1:1,000,000 live births. The resulting accumulation of mannose-rich oligosaccharides in all tissues leads to a very heterogeneous disorder with a continuum of clinical manifestations with no distinctive phenotypes. Long-term enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with velmanase alfa is approved in Europe for the treatment of non-neurological manifestations in patients with mild to moderate alpha-mannosidosis. The clinical heterogeneity and rarity of the disease limit the sensitivity of single parameters to detect clinically relevant treatment effects. Thus, we propose a novel multiple variable responder analysis to evaluate the efficacy of ERT for alpha-mannosidosis and present efficacy analyses for velmanase alfa using this method. Global treatment response to velmanase alfa (defined by response to ≥2 domains comprising pharmacodynamic, functional, and quality of life outcomes) was applied post hoc to data from the pivotal placebo-controlled rhLAMAN-05 study and to the longer-term integrated data from all patients in the clinical development program (rhLAMAN-10). After 12 months of treatment, a global treatment response was achieved by 87% of patients receiving velmanase alfa (n = 15) compared with 30% of patients receiving placebo (n = 10). Longer-term data from all patients in the clinical program (n = 33) showed 88% of patients were global responders, including all (100%) pediatric patients (n = 19) and the majority (71%) of adult patients (n = 14). The responder analysis model demonstrates a clinically meaningful treatment effect with velmanase alfa and supports the early initiation and continued benefit of longer-term treatment of all patients with alpha-mannosidosis with this ERT.
Harmatz, P., Cattaneo, F., Ardigò, D., Geraci, S., Hennermann, J. B., Guffon, N., … Borgwardt, L. (2018). Enzyme replacement therapy with velmanase alfa (human recombinant alpha-mannosidase): Novel global treatment response model and outcomes in patients with alpha-mannosidosis. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism, 124(2), 152–160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymgme.2018.04.003