Eosinophilic Myocarditis Demonstrated Using Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in a Patient with Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss Disease)

  • Dalia T
  • Parashar S
  • Patel N
  • et al.
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Abstract

Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), historically known as the Churg-Strauss disease, is a small- to medium-sized vessel multi-organ vasculitis with a propensity to involve the heart. EGPA is a rare condition with an estimated annual incidence of one to 4.2 people per million. The cardiac involvement causes significant morbidity and mortality in EGPA patients. Approximately 50% of the deaths in EGPA are related to cardiac disease and occur within the first few months since diagnosis. The current recommendations support evaluation of cardiac involvement by using history, physical exam and multimodality imaging including echocardiogram and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR). Here, we report a rare case of eosinophilic myocarditis in a 19-year-old patient with EGPA seen on CMR. Pertinent literature is also reviewed. We highlighted the importance of CMR in diagnosing and follow up of EGPA patients.

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Dalia, T., Parashar, S., Patel, N. V., Gautam, A., Dai, H., & Bormann, S. (2018). Eosinophilic Myocarditis Demonstrated Using Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in a Patient with Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss Disease). Cureus. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.2792

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