Epidemiology, molecular epidemiology and evolution of bovine respiratory syncytial virus

11Citations
Citations of this article
82Readers
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.

Abstract

The bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) is an enveloped, negative sense, single-stranded RNA virus belonging to the pneumovirus genus within the family Paramyxoviridae. BRSV has been recognized as a major cause of respiratory disease in young calves since the early 1970s. The analysis of BRSV infection was originally hampered by its characteristic lability and poor growth in vitro. However, the advent of numerous immunological and molecular methods has facilitated the study of BRSV enormously. The knowledge gained from these studies has also provided the opportunity to develop safe, stable, attenuated virus vaccine candidates. Nonetheless, many aspects of the epidemiology, molecular epidemiology and evolution of the virus are still not fully understood. The natural course of infection is rather complex and further complicates diagnosis, treatment and the implementation of preventive measures aimed to control the disease. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms by which BRSV is able to establish infection is needed to prevent viral and disease spread. This review discusses important information regarding the epidemiology and molecular epidemiology of BRSV worldwide, and it highlights the importance of viral evolution in virus transmission. © 2012 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Cite

CITATION STYLE

APA

Sarmiento-Silva, R. E., Nakamura-Lopez, Y., & Vaughan, G. (2012). Epidemiology, molecular epidemiology and evolution of bovine respiratory syncytial virus. Viruses. https://doi.org/10.3390/v4123452

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free