An essential role of the universal polarity protein, aPKCλ, on the maintenance of podocyte slit diaphragms

Citations of this article
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.


Glomerular visceral epithelial cells (podocytes) contain interdigitated processes that form specialized intercellular junctions, termed slit diaphragms, which provide a selective filtration barrier in the renal glomerulus. Analyses of disease-causing mutations in familial nephrotic syndromes and targeted mutagenesis in mice have revealed critical roles of several proteins in the assembly of slit diaphragms. The nephrin-podocin complex is the main constituent of slit diaphragms. However, the molecular mechanisms regulating these proteins to maintain the slit diaphragms are still largely unknown. Here, we demonstrate that the PAR3-atypical protein kinase C (aPKC)-PAR6β cell polarity proteins co-localize to the slit diaphragms with nephrin. Furthermore, selective depletion of aPKCλ in mouse podocytes results in the disassembly of slit diaphragms, a disturbance in apico-basal cell polarity, and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). The aPKC-PAR3 complex associates with the nephrin-podocin complex in podocytes through direct interaction between PAR3 and nephrin, and the kinase activity of aPKC is required for the appropriate distribution of nephrin and podocin in podocytes. These observations not only establish a critical function of the polarity proteins in the maintenance of slit diaphragms, but also imply their potential involvement in renal failure in FSGS. © 2009 Hirose et al.




Hirose, T., Satoh, D., Kurihara, H., Kusaka, C., Hirose, H., Akimoto, K., … Ohno, S. (2009). An essential role of the universal polarity protein, aPKCλ, on the maintenance of podocyte slit diaphragms. PLoS ONE, 4(1).

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free